Some Shade In The Garden
Instead of setting up the usual gazebo with the usual tent or roof, maybe a little ‘anonymous, we build a roof… natural climbing on a pergola of wood or iron plants all green or colorful flowers.
The nature of the climbers is a bit intimidating. Of a bush of a tree, even if planted at a young age, it is expected the development, the expansion in the ground and in the space that will be occupied with the foliage.
A kind of distrust is felt towards the creepers. Perhaps due to their strange constitution: vegetal, yes, but in a certain sense ambiguous, unpredictable.
Almost half creatures. On the one hand, not very autonomous, in need of support, support, soft, leaning, leaning stems, on the other too vital, always on the run, looking for freedom and escape.
If they manage to fix the tendrils in a wall, they no longer leave it, possessive and tenacious.
And yet, precisely because they are ambiguous creatures, the creepers will be just as soft, foldable, tame to the function they have to perform, to the role assigned to them.
They are also autonomous bearers of beauty. Not only useful for hiding, shading, softening the edges, they form the green gallery of an entrance avenue.
They carry flowers and berries. Perfumes and colors. Sometimes beautiful flowers, showy, intense colors, scents among the most pleasant of the plant kingdom.
First We Think of the Support
So it’s time to replace the old canopy, the material roofing of various substances, almost always not too beautiful to look at, with a luxuriant climber.
In fact, nothing can match the refined trine of wisteria, the cheerful festoon of bignonia.
Skeleton of the Pergola
The first thing to do is to prepare the skeleton of the pergola, which can be made of iron poles or wooden beams if you want to use a more natural material.
Once the skeleton has been created, let’s think about the creepers to be planted, in any case it will take some time before they can reach the predisposed structures.
Which vine to Choose?
Which creeper or which to create the pergola, should represent a moment of helix escape. Almost a party.
Better To Bet On One Kind Of Vine Or The Variety?
Choosing for example the wisteria covering one side of the future pergola and the Jasminum officinale (jasmine) climbing on the other will result in a pergola with double-flowering and double scent, the double lilac pink color of wisteria in April – May, white jasmine from June to late September.
Or you can bring together in the center a sarmentosa rose and a bignonia with large red bell-shaped flowers in the middle of summer.
Among climbing, plants or sarmentose is certainly always impressive and robust. It grows and develops without difficulty even in large containers.
Its flowering is ephemeral yes, but so rewarding for those who want to enjoy a few moments of outdoor spring life, which makes you forget the negative aspects.
These are, for example, the necessary pruning in March and the harvesting of withered corollas after the first thunderstorm. After flowering, the wisteria keeps the transparent and light leaves for the whole summer, which it will strip after yellowing.
From White Jasmine To Blue Clematis
The Jasminum officinale (jasmine or climbing jasmine), also deciduous, produces small white flowers. Resistant to frost, it is recommended in northern climates, where not all climbing species adapt.
There are also jasminum nudiflorum and jasminum primulinum, with long hanging sarmentose branches and yellow flowers that open at the end of winter. But these are less luxuriant than the previous one and therefore less suitable for a summer pergola.
To the bignonia belong different genera, not all rustic, some, on the contrary, require a mild and very sunny climate.
The most rustic is the bignonia grandiflora, with deciduous leaves, resistant to the frost, better if placed in the sun. It is vaguely reminiscent of the red pomegranate flowers and is very common in seaside towns, Tuscan centers and southern Italy.
Also the Clematis is a well-known climber, with a refined dark blue or lilac stellar bloom (Clematis lanuginosa and Clematis patens). Both rustic and cold resistant, they are very suitable for pergolas even if they prefer cool positions and slightly humorous soils (rich in humus).
The Rustic Honeysuckle Or The Scented Rose
If you are nostalgic and prefer the wild atmosphere of the woods, you can use the well known Lonicera caprifolium (honeysuckle), spontaneous in our woods, sarmentosa (which needs frequent support) and deciduous, with white or yellow flowers, perfumed.
Alternative to Jasmine
A plant competing with the jasmine, climbing plant of robust development, with caducous heart-shaped leaves, pale green with tubular flowers with five corollas in small bunches, very perfumed, is the Mandevilla suaveolens (known also as Dipladenia ).
But it is mainly utilized in the southern climates: in the north, it could be planted provided close to a protected wall.
Also delicate is the Solanum, climber which counts a very nice genus with lilac-purple flowers and a very diffused genus, the Solanum jasminoides with small white flowers; they love sheltered positions and fresh fertilized soil.
The Sarmentose Roses: Which One To Choose?
Among the sarmentose roses we recommend the banksiae rose with persistent leaves, with small light yellow umbrella flowers, not spectacular but very refined and very perfumed.
The Easiest And Best-Known Plants
You can’t leave out the widespread Ampelopsis with its tendrils like suckers, blue-violet berries and red leaves in autumn. Resistant, tenacious, long-lived.
At the antipodes of the Ipomea, of the Convolvulaceae family, which is sown annually. It clings to everything that can support it also on other plants, opening its bluebells during the less hot hours of the day.
Of the same turquoise-blue color are the flowers of the Cobaea scandens, climber of rapid development, cultivated as annual but perennial in the temperate regions.
It can cover a height of many meters within a year, creating a pergola with the most festive flowers of the sea.
And let us not forget an easy climber in everything, in the growth, in the exposition, in the cultivation. It is the Polygonum of Turkestan, so rustic that it spreads even in the coldest climates.
Effusive and robust, yes, but of gentle appearance: numerous inflorescences of small white flowers.
At this point we have clearer ideas and interesting ideas for building our ideal pergola.