Bedbugs, Characteristics And Mode Of Intervention

The bedbugs, whose scientific name is Cimex lectularius, are haematophagous insects, therefore they feed on blood. The young species have a pale color and assume a darker colour, brown/red, in more adult phase.

Their average life span is of 4-6 months, but they manage to survive without eating even for 12 months. A female can lay up to 5 eggs per day, 500 in a whole life. To hatch an egg takes about 9 days, and becomes adult after 30 days. Bedbugs do not live in contact with humans or their clothing. They only come close to feed on his blood.

Where They Nest

Due to the emission of an aggregation pheromone bedbugs tend to live in clusters. They nest in the points closest to the place where the man is present: structure and headboard of the bed, blankets, pillows, sheets, wardrobes, bedside tables, skirting boards, etc..

These insects have a strong repulsion for light and cannot survive in the sun. For this reason they sting at night and are attracted by the heat of the human body and its carbon dioxide emissions. After feeding, the bugs return to the nest. The females, however, once fertilized do not like the presence of males and look for new nests. As a result, the infestation spreads.

Due to the repulsion for the light, they prefer closed spaces to external spaces, and correspond to places where they sleep, whether in a hotel, apartment, ship or train. Places infested with bedbugs have a strong and unpleasant smell caused by secretions of certain glands.

The Stings

You don’t usually realize you’ve been bitten by a bedbug. Its stings are not painful, but they cause itching and redness. Bedbugs usually sting a man in the face, particularly around the eyes.

Bedbug bites, therefore, take the form of papules that do not have a red dot in the middle, unlike those of mosquitoes or fleas.

How to Intervene

A professional technician inspects the room where bedbugs have been detected and in particular the points where they may have nested: furniture, electrical sockets, cable ducts, paintings and prints, gaps between floor and wall, etc..

Once the neuralgic points have been identified, we intervene with pyrethroid-based powder insecticide.

This is followed by the saturation of the rooms using a total depyrethroid based aerosolizer. This intervention scheme makes it possible not to repeat the intervention unless a new infestation from outside occurs.

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